DEFINITIONS

LIMITED EDITIONS
A quantity of the same work or image, produced by an artist who subsequently numbers and signs each one.

LITHOGRAPH
The images drawn on a special stone or zinc plate using a grease crayon and subsequently printed. These can also be hand coloured.

ENGRAVING
An image or design is grooved into a metal plate with a cutting tool (intaglio process). Ink is then spread into these grooves and paper pressed onto the plate.

SCREENPRINT
The printing technique uses a stencil placed over stretched fabric or paper onto which paint is applied. Often several stencils are used to produce one work.

WOODCUT OR LINOCUT
The image is carved into the linoleum or wood surface. Paint is then applied to the raised area and the paper is pressed mechanically or by hand onto the surface.

REPRODUCTIONS
These are produced mechanically. When they are created in limited editions the plates is destroyed after the last one has been printed.

COLLOGRAPHS
Collographs are usually made from mount board or cardboard which is sealed with shellac. They can be made using either intaglio or in relief, when an object is glued onto the plates as in a collage. Intaglio collographs are sometimes called ‘poor mans’ etchings’ as the effects can be quiet similar without the expense of a zinc plate. Collagraphs can be hand or press printed.

MONOGRAPHS
Monoprinting is transferring a printing from a smooth surface (glass, plastic) to a sheet of paper by hand burnishing or printing in a press. Usually only one print is achieved.

DRYPOINT
Drypoint plates are drawn onto directly using a sharp tool without using a groove or acid. Thick plastic can be used to make the plate.

GICLEE
What’s a Giclee? Simply put its the highest quality reproduction of an original artwork. A Giclee will look just as good at a fraction of the price. Sometimes artist can’t even pick the difference! They are fade-resistant. Interestingly enough, Museums like the Louvre, the Guggenheim and the Metro Galleries display Giclee reproductions because the quality is outstanding and it allows them to protect the originals.